The urine strips provide the Albumin to Creatinine (A:C) and Protein to Creatinine (P:C) ratios, adjusted for varying patient urine concentrations to minimise false negative/positive results. This allows for immediate indication of normal or abnormal results, Siemens explains. A:C ratio results are used for early detection of kidney disease in patients with diabetes. Early intervention may stop or reverse the process of kidney disease. The P:C ratio is used to manage patients with kidney disease. The P:C ratio results provided by the Clinitek analysers meet the needs of clinical specialists managing patients diagnosed kidney disease who are likely to excrete high levels of protein.