Nobel Prize awarded to Robert Koch Foundation Laureate

The Robert Koch Foundation congratulates Professor Shinya Yamanaka, the 2008 Robert Koch Award laureate, on being awarded this year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The award to Yamanaka brings the number of Robert Koch Foundation laureates to receive a Nobel Prize to 11 since 1962.

Professor Shinya Yamanaka
Professor Shinya Yamanaka

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012 goes jointly to Professor Shinya Yamanaka from Kyoto University in Japan and Sir John B. Gurdon from the United Kingdom. According to the prize committee at the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, the researchers were awarded this prestigious prize for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent.

„We are delighted that, as in 2011, a Robert Koch Foundation laureate has once again received recognition for his research by being awarded a Nobel Prize“, said Professor Jörg Hacker, Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Council and Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Robert Koch Foundation.

Professor Yamanaka from the Department of Stem Cell Biology at the Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences at the University of Kyoto in Japan received the Robert Koch Foundation Award in 2008 for his pioneering research into the induction and functional analysis of pluripotent stem cells from somatic cells. Several years ago, he and his team were the first to succeed in reprogramming mature skin cells from mice. These then acted like embryonic stem cells and were able to form each of the body’s 200 or so different cell types such as nerve cells, muscle cells and cartilage cells. Later, Professor Yamanaka was able to show that this method also works with human skin cells. His technique was surprisingly simple: the production of pluripotent stem cells required neither eggs nor embryos. The skin cells were reprogrammed into all-rounders simply by inserting four genes, Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc and Klf4, into their genetic material.

The Robert Koch Award is presented annually and is one of the most prestigious and renowned scientific commendations in Germany. Under the patronage of the Federal President Joachim Gauck, the Robert Koch Foundation promotes the scientific fundamental research in the field of infectious diseases, immunology and supports measures to solve other health-related problems in countries of the third world.

The prize is named after Robert Koch (1843 – 1910), the researcher who is considered as one of the founders of microbiology. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his tuberculosis findings in 1905.
 

 

10.10.2012

More on the subject:
Read all latest stories

Related articles

Photo

News • Making tumours susceptible to chemo

Breast cancer: target protein may hold key to therapy success

A rare variant of a protein present in nearly all human cells may hold the key to improving the effectiveness of breast cancer treatment, according to University of Manchester research.  

Photo

News • Insights into stem cell behaviour

Breast cancer: new mechanism of drug resistance discovered

Scientists in Italy discovered a new drug-resistance mechanism in breast cancer that leads to the formation of cancer stem cells. They also devised an experimental therapy to bypass or prevent this.

Photo

Article • Modelling systems for human biology

Organoid technology: new opportunities for drug discovery

Two-dimensional (2D) cultured cell lines and animal models have been the principal research tools for the past decade, but have several shortcomings. Three-dimensional cell cultures, or organoids,…

Related products

Sarstedt – Low DNA Binding Micro Tubes

Research Use Only

Sarstedt – Low DNA Binding Micro Tubes

SARSTEDT AG & CO. KG
Shimadzu – CLAM-2030 CL (IVD)/ CLAM-2030 (RUO)

Mass Spectrometry

Shimadzu – CLAM-2030 CL (IVD)/ CLAM-2030 (RUO)

Shimadzu Europa GmbH
Shimadzu – LCMS-8060NX CL (IVD) / LCMS-8060 NX (RUO)

Mass Spectrometry

Shimadzu – LCMS-8060NX CL (IVD) / LCMS-8060 NX (RUO)

Shimadzu Europa GmbH
Shimadzu – MALDImini-1

Research Use Only

Shimadzu – MALDImini-1

Shimadzu Europa GmbH
Subscribe to Newsletter