3D-printed

‘Bionic Skin’ could give robots the sense of touch

Engineering researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. The discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.

A one-of-a-kind 3D printer built at the University of Minnesota can print touch...
A one-of-a-kind 3D printer built at the University of Minnesota can print touch sensors directly on a model hand.
Source: Shuang-Zhuang Guo and Michael McAlpine, University of Minnesota; Advanced Materials 2017

“This stretchable electronic fabric we developed has many practical uses,” said Michael McAlpine, a University of Minnesota mechanical engineering associate professor and lead researcher on the study. “Putting this type of ‘bionic skin’ on surgical robots would give surgeons the ability to actually feel during minimally invasive surgeries, which would make surgery easier instead of just using cameras like they do now. These sensors could also make it easier for other robots to walk and interact with their environment.”

McAlpine, who gained international acclaim in 2013 for integrating electronics and novel 3D-printed nanomaterials to create a “bionic ear,” says this new discovery could also be used to print electronics on real human skin. This ultimate wearable technology could eventually be used for health monitoring or by soldiers in the field to detect dangerous chemicals or explosives.

“While we haven’t printed on human skin yet, we were able to print on the curved surface of a model hand using our technique,” McAlpine said. “We also interfaced a printed device with the skin and were surprised that the device was so sensitive that it could detect your pulse in real time.”

McAlpine and his team made the unique sensing fabric with a one-of-a kind 3D printer they built in the lab. The multifunctional printer has four nozzles to print the various specialized “inks” that make up the layers of the device - a base layer of silicone, top and bottom electrodes made of a conducting ink, a coil-shaped pressure sensor, and a sacrificial layer that holds the top layer in place while it sets. The supporting sacrificial layer is later washed away in the final manufacturing process.

Surprisingly, all of the layers of “inks” used in the flexible sensors can set at room temperature. Conventional 3D printing using liquid plastic is too hot and too rigid to use on the skin. These flexible 3D printed sensors can stretch up to three times their original size. “This is a completely new way to approach 3D printing of electronics,” McAlpine said. “We have a multifunctional printer that can print several layers to make these flexible sensory devices. This could take us into so many directions from health monitoring to energy harvesting to chemical sensing.”

Researchers say the best part of the discovery is that the manufacturing is built into the process. “With most research, you discover something and then it needs to be scaled up. Sometimes it could be years before it ready for use,” McAlpine said. “This time, the manufacturing is built right into the process so it is ready to go now.”

The researchers say the next step is to move toward semiconductor inks and printing on a real body. “The possibilities for the future are endless,” McAlpine said.


Source: University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering

17.05.2017

Related articles

Radical change

Malta takes a closer look at 3-D printing

21st century technology has outpaced our expectations. One such example is the invention of advanced digital manufacturing techniques, better known as 3-D printing. Patients and the medical community…

Organ-sized models

Spain takes medical 3-D print to heart

3-D print technology is expanding to cardiology surgery and interventional procedures. Research is scarce in Europe but a group of Spain-based cardiologists are currently developing 3-D print models…

Tumor removal

3D printed kidney helps save woman's organ

Doctors and scientists at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City printed and used a 3D kidney to help save a patient's organ during a complicated tumor-removal procedural. The 3D-printed…

Related products

Printer

Agfa DRYSTAR 5301

Agfa HealthCare

Printers

Agfa - DRYSTAR 5302

Agfa HealthCare

Printers

Agfa - DRYSTAR 5503

Agfa HealthCare

Accessories / Complementray Systems

EIZO RadiNET Pro – Network QC Management for Displays

EIZO Europe GmbH

Interventional Systems - Surgical Flat Panel C-Arm

Hologic - Fluoroscan InSight-FD

Hologic, Inc.

Interventional Systems - Surgical Flat Panel C-Arm

INTERMEDICAL - "NEW" RADIUS XP

INTERMEDICAL SRL